Text courtesy of Marianland.com


When did the Church established by Jesus Christ get the name Catholic?

Christ left the adoption of a name for His Church to those whom he
commissioned to teach all nations. Christ called the spiritual society
He established, "My Church" (Mt. xvi, 18), "the Church" (Mt. xviii, 17).
In order to have a distinction between the Church and the Synagogue and
to have a distinguishing name from those embracing Judaic and Gnostic
errors we find St. Ignatius (50-107 A.D.) using the Greek word
"Katholicos" (universal) to describe the universality of the Church
established by Christ. St. Ignatius was appointed Bishop of Antioch by
St.Peter, the Bishop of Rome. It is in his writtings that we find the
word Catholic used for the first time. St. Augustine, when speaking
about the Church of Christ, calls it the Catholic Church 240 times in
his writings.

St. Ignatius of Antioch, disciple of the Apostle John, concerning the
heretics of his day wrote: "They have abstained from the Eucharist and
prayer, because they do not confess that the Eucharist is the flesh of
Our Saviour Jesus Christ."
St. Justin Martyr, another Church Father of the second century wrote:
"This food is known among us as the Eucharist... We do not receive these
things as common bread and common drink; but as Jesus Christ our
Saviour, being made flesh by the Word of God."

"Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man
and drink his blood, you shall not have life in you. He who eats my
flesh and drinks my blood has life everlasting and I will raise Him up
on the last day. For my flesh is food indeed, and my bood is drink
(John 6:54-56)

"How can this man give us his flesh to eat?" they argued. (John 6:53)

"And whilst they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and
broke: and gave to his disciples, and said: Take ye, and eat.
THIS IS MY BODY. And taking the chalice, he gave thanks, and gave to
them, saying: Drink ye all of this. FOR THIS IS MY BLOOD." (cf. Matt.
26:26-28; Mark 14:22-24; luke 22:19-20).

In the most unequivocal languge the Apostles affirmed that the bread and
wine duly concecrated on the altar did in fact become the actual
Substance of the Saviour.
Declared the Apostle Paul:
"The chalice of benediction which we bless, is it not the communion of
the blood of Christ? And the bread which we break, is it not the
partaking of the body of the Lord?"
(1 Cor. 10:16)

....Receive ye the Holy Ghost. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are
forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained."
(John 20:19-23). "Amen I say to you, whatsoever you shall bind upon
earth, shall be bound also in heaven; and whatsoever you shall loose
upon earth, shall be loosed also in heaven." (Matt. 18:18)

"Take heed to yourselves, and to the whole flock, wherein the Holy Ghost
hath placed you bishops, to rule the church of God ..."
(Acts. 20:28)

"And when they had ordained to them priests in every church, and had
prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, in whom they
believed." (Acts 14:22).

" He that heareth you, heareth me; and he that despiseth you, despiseth
me; and he that despiseth me, despiseth Him that sent me."
- Luke 10:16

Catholic Church is the church most united in Christ. The spectacle of
one billion Catholics, three-fifths of all proffessed Christians,
perfectly, indomitably united in belief, in organization, and in worship
- the historical fact that Catholics, consistently the largest body of
Christians in the world, have always been thus perfectly united - was
evidence nobody can not ignore.
Here is the unity of Bible prophecy -
nowhere else on the Christian scene was there a unity nearly so compact,
nearly so long-lived. Nowhere else on the Christian scene was there a
unity so obviously permanent.

Wrote the great St. Cyprian in the third century: "God is one and Christ
is one, and one is His Church, and the faith is one, and one His people
welded together by the glue of concord into a solid unity of body. Unity
cannot be rent asunder, nor can the one body of the Church, through the
division of its structure, be divided into separate pieces" (St.
Cyprian, On the Unity of the Church, chap 23).

Like His glorified body in Heaven, Christ's Mystical Body on earth never
was and never will be a disjoined body.
St. Paul said, a member of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones.
(Eoh. 5:30)

...Sanctify them in truth. Thy word is truth.
...That they all may be one, as thou, Father, in me, and I in thee; that
they also may be one in us... I in them, and thou in me; that they may
be made perfect in one." (John 17:1-23).

You can see in Sacred Scripture that Christ's true church is not the
church but is manifestly a TEACHING church. Moreover, it is evident that
Christ's true church is an INFALLIBLE teacher, never liable to teach
false doctrine.

"All power is given to me in heaven and in earth. Going therefore, teach
ye all nations; baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the
Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching then to observe all things
whatsoever I have commanded you: and behold I am with you all days, even
to the consummation of the world." (Matt.28:18-20).

"As the Father hath sent me, I also send you." (John 20:21).
Here again is a clear, unmistakable reference to the teaching mission of
His Church; for here He is telling the Apostles that they had fallen
heir to His own teaching mission. His Church was to be no less of a
teacher than He was.

Here is another evidence that Catholic Church is an INFALLIBLE teacher,
never liable to teach false doctrine:
"These things have I spoken to you, abiding with you. But the Paraclete,
the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you
all things, and bring all things to your mind, whatsoever I shall have
said to you. ... when the Paraclete cometh, whom I will send you from
the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceedeth from the Father, he
shall give testimony of me. And you shall give testimony, because you
are with me from the beginning." (John 14:25-26; 15:26-27).

from: "True Church", "Radio Replies" by Fr. Chas. M. Carty & Rev. Dr.L.
Rumble, M.S.C. and "Confession of a Roman Catholic" by Paul Whitcomb,
a former Protestant Minister.


In 397 A.D., the Catholic Church gave a definitive decision as to which
writings and books should be admitted into the Bilble and which should
be rejected, and every book which is in the Protestant New Testament
today, was put there by Pope Siricus and the Catholic Bishops in the
year 397 A.D. If Christ had intended that men should learn Christianity
from the New Testament, what about the hundreds who lived before the
first Bible was given to the world by the Catholic Church?

Luther's Protestant Bible came out 1520 and before his Bible the
Catholic Bible had been translated into Spanish, Italian, Danish,
French, Norwegian, Polish, Bohemian, Hungarian and English, there was
exactly 104 editions in Latin; 38 editions in German language, 25
editions in Italian language, 18 in French.
In all 626 editions of the Bible with 198 in the language of the laity,
had been edited before the fist Protestant Bible was sent forth into the

What books are not found in Protestant Bible?

They are Tobias, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch and the two
Books of Machabees, together with fragments of Esther (x.4; xvi, 24),
and Daniel (iii, 24-90; xii., xiv). These books were contained in the
Alexandrian list or Canon of Books which was used by Greek-speaking Jews
of Alexandria, Asia Minor, Greece and Italy.

Why did Luther reject 7 books from the Bible?

Because they did not suit his new doctrines. He had arrived at the
principle of private judgment - of picking and choosing religious
doctrines; and whenever any book, such as the book of Machabees, taught
a doctrine contrary to his taste he rejected it overboard and overboard
that book went because it says: 2 Mach. xii 46, "it is a holy and
wholesome thought to pray for the dead that they may be loosed from
sins." He not only cast out certain books, but he mutilated some that
were left. For example, not pleased with St. Paul's doctrine, "we are
justified by faith," Luther added the word "ALONE" to make the sentence
read: "We are justified by faith alone." His explanation of this
insertion is found in his own words, "I know very well that the word
'alone' is not in the Latin and Greek texts; but Dr. Martin Luther will
have it so, and I order it to be so, and my will is reason enough. " St.
Paul writes under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost. Luther creates a
Lutheran Bible under his own audacity. He shows little respect for the
Bible when he calls the Epistle of St. James "an Epistle of straw with
no character of the Gospel in it." He spoke disparagingly about the
Epistle of St. Jude, the Epistle to the Hebrews, and the beautiful
Apocalipse of St. John.

The Lord's Prayer or the Our Father is in the Bible, but Catholic prayer
differs from the Protestant.
Protestants use a conclusion which was not in the original Greek copies
of the New Testament, namely, "For thine is the kingdom and the power
and the glory, forever. Amen."
Catholics say the Lord's Prayer properly.

Before the last book in the New Testament was written the Catholic
Church celebrated her golden jubilee; 11 of the Apostles had died.

Christianity existed over 300 years without one single Bible Christian.

from: "Bible" and "Radio Replies" by Fr. Chas. M. Carty & Rev. Dr. L.
Rumble, M.S.C., Published by TAN Books and Publishers, Inc., available

Return to ACTS Mainpage